FLOWER ANALYSIS WORKSHEET

Flower #1: wild geranium

This flower was found here (location and habitat/environment):

I found this flower in Galloway, Ohio in my garden.

It is on page ___280__ in Newcomb’s Wildflowers

Common name_____________wild geranium__________________ Scientific name: _____Geranium maculatum_______________

Corolla: number of petals __5___ separate or fused? _____separate______

Calyx: number of sepals __5___ separate or fused?_____separate________

Adroecium: number of stamens __10___ separate, fused or arranged in any special way?

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, apocarpous, or  syncarpous (and # of carpels =___ 5 __)
How can you tell? (Cite the features were apparent about the number of carpels.)

Crossection reveals syncarpous gynoecium with 5 carpels which form a star shaped pattern. It also has a 5 lobed stigma.

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or perigynous or epigynous?  hypogynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: Flowers are in pairs.

FLOWER ANALYSIS WORKSHEET

Flower #2 : common morning glory

This flower was found here (location and habitat/environment):

I found this flower in Galloway, Ohio underneath a eastern white pine in my backyard.

It is on page __ 324 ___ in Newcomb’s Wildflowers or page.

Common name: common morning glory       Scientific name: _______ Ipomoea purpurea ________

Corolla: number of petals _  5 __ separate or fused?  Fused

Calyx: number of sepals _ 5 __ separate or fused?  separate

Adroecium: number of stamens _ 5 __ separate, fused or arranged in any special way?

5 stamens that are separate from each other tightly arranged around the pistil

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, apocarpous, or  syncarpous (and # of carpels =_____)
How can you tell? (Cite the features were apparent about the number of carpels.)

This flower’s gynoecium appears to be unicarpellate as evident by looking at a cross sectional dissection of the ovary. 

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or perigynous or epigynous? hypogynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: flowers appear to come in groups of 2-4

FLOWER ANALYSIS WORKSHEET

Flower #3: chicory

This flower was found here (location and habitat/environment):

I found this flower in Galloway, Ohio in full sun in my backyard.

It is on page __ 382 ___ in Newcomb’s Wildflowers or page .

Common name_________ chicory _____________ Scientific name: _________ Cichorium intybus ______________

Corolla: number of petals __16___ separate or fused? __separate_________

Calyx: number of sepals __8___ separate or fused?___ separate____

Adroecium: number of stamens __ 16  __ separate, fused or arranged in any special way?

each one appears fused to the style of each pistil

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, apocarpous, or  syncarpous (and # of carpels =__ 16 ___)
How can you tell? (Cite the features were apparent about the number of carpels.)

Apocarpous gynoecium evident by crossection examination and the presence of 16 different  pistils

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or perigynous or epigynous?  epigynpous with inferior ovary

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: most flowers appear to have little to no pedicel

FLOWER ANALYSIS WORKSHEET

Flower #4: white snakeroot

This flower was found here (location and habitat/environment):

I found this growing along the edge of a forest in the understory at Battelle Darby Creek Metro park.

It is on page ___ 436 __ in Newcomb’s Wildflowers or page.

Common name_____________ white snakeroot _________ Scientific name: ____ Eupatorium rugosum _____________

Corolla: number of petals ___ 5 __ separate or fused? ___fused_____

Calyx: number of sepals __0_ separate or fused?_____________

Adroecium: number of stamens ___4__ separate, fused or arranged in any special way?

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, apocarpous, or  syncarpous (and # of carpels =__2___)
How can you tell? (Cite the features were apparent about the number of carpels.)

The stigma appears to be 2 lobed. 

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or perigynous or epigynous? epigynous with inferior ovary

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  actinomorphic (regular)

Additional distinctive features: Each flower is surrounded by small green things that look like hairs. It is also part of the Asteraceae family which means it has a bunch of tiny little flowers in large clusters. Link

FLOWER ANALYSIS WORKSHEET

Flower #5: great lobelia

This flower was found here (location and habitat/environment):

I found this growing along the edge of a path near the Big Darby creek and a flood plain forest in its early successional stage at Battelle Darby Creek Metro park

It is on page __52___ in Newcomb’s Wildflowers or page.

Common name______ great lobelia_____________ Scientific name: ______Lobelia siphilitica__________________

Corolla: number of petals _5____ separate or fused?    fused

Calyx: number of sepals _ 5 __separate or fused?    separate

Adroecium: number of stamens  5  separate, fused or arranged in any special way?

The stamens are fused to the style.

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, apocarpous, or  syncarpous (and # of carpels = 2 ___)
How can you tell? (Cite the features were apparent about the number of carpels.)

Cross sectional dissection of the gynoecium reveals 2 chambers

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or perigynous or epigynous?  hypogynous

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)? zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features: the stamens and style are in a sheath that looks like a horn

 

FLOWER ANALYSIS WORKSHEET

Flower #6: monkey flower

This flower was found here (location and habitat/environment):

I found this growing along the edge of the Little Darby creek at Battelle Darby Creek Metro park.

It is on page _ 100 __ in Newcomb’s Wildflowers or page.

Common name__________ monkey flower _____________ Scientific name: ____ Mimulus ringens _______________

Corolla: number of petals __ 5separate or fused? ___ fused ____

Calyx: number of sepals _ 5 _ separate or fused?___ fused _____

Adroecium: number of stamens _ 4 _ separate, fused or arranged in any special way?

The stamens are fused to petals.

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, apocarpous, or  syncarpous (and # of carpels =__ 2 ___)
How can you tell? (Cite the features were apparent about the number of carpels.)

It has 2 carpels as evident by crossectional dissection and a 2 lobed stigma.

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or perigynous or epigynous?  hypogynous with superior ovary

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features: fused pedals look like lips

FLOWER ANALYSIS WORKSHEET

Flower #7:  cardinal flower

This flower was found here (location and habitat/environment):

I found this growing along the edge of the Little Darby creek at Battelle Darby Creek Metro park.

It is on page __ 52 ___ in Newcomb’s Wildflowers or page.

Common name_____ cardinal flower ______ Scientific name: ______ Lobelia cardinals ___________

Corolla: number of petals __ 5 ___ separate or fused? ___ fused _____

Calyx: number of sepals _ 5 __ separate or fused?_ separate ___

Adroecium: number of stamens _ 5 __ separate, fused or arranged in any special way? 

5 stamens fused in a sheath that surrounds the pistil and stemans

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, apocarpous, or  syncarpous (and # of carpels =__ 2 _)
How can you tell? (Cite the features were apparent about the number of carpels.)

It has 2 carpels as evident by crossectional dissection and a 2 lobed stigma.

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or perigynous or epigynous?  epigynous with an inferior ovary

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)?  zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features:  flower clusters at top of plant

FLOWER ANALYSIS WORKSHEET

Flower #8:  pale touch-me-not

flower with pistil (female)

flower with stamens (male)

This flower was found here (location and habitat/environment):

I found this growing along the edge of a path in a flood plain forest at Battelle Darby Creek Metro park.

It is on page __ 54 ___ in Newcomb’s Wildflowers or page .

Common name_____ pale touch-me-not ________ Scientific name: _____Impatiens pallida  __________

Corolla: number of petals ___ 5 __ separate or fused? ____ fused ______

Calyx: number of sepals __ 3 ___ separate or fused?_____ separate _____

Adroecium: number of stamens __ 5 ___ separate, fused or arranged in any special way?

Gynoecium type: unicarpellate, apocarpous, or  syncarpous (and # of carpels =__ 1 __)
How can you tell? (Cite the features were apparent about the number of carpels.)

It appears to be unicarpellate after crossectional dissection and observing no lobes on stigma

Flower type/ovary position: Hypogynous, or perigynous or epigynous?  hypogynous with superior ovary

Flower symmetry: actinomorphic (regular) or zygomorphic (irregular)? zygomorphic (irregular)

Additional distinctive features: The plant is protandry which I found out here link.  This means that the male parts come first and then the female parts develop after as to prevent in breeding