Deer Haven Park, located in Liberty Township, is composed of forest, wetland, meadow, and pond habitats that are conserved by the Preservation Parks Association. The trails contain bird feeders, nesting boxes, observatories, and viewing windows. Next to the visitor center, there is a pollinator garden and insect hotel that provides information on the dependency that wildlife has on pollinating insects while also promoting the welfare of said insects. The 3 miles of trails are throughout the meadow and forest with a short pass through the wetlands. Since this location is also a bird sanctuary, dogs are forbidden from the forest trails to avoid disturbing the birds. There are slight elevation changes and two staircases leading to ravines along the trails throughout the park.

See the source image

Trees

American beech (Fagus grandifolia)

Common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

First cultivated in 1636, hackberry was commonly used for wood flooring in pioneer wood cabins and for barrel hoops.

https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/treedetail.cfm?itemID=845

Shrubs and Woody Vines

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia creeper grows adhesive-like pads at the end of its roots and vines to allow it to stick to surfaces.

https://blogs.ifas.ufl.edu/bakerco/2019/08/15/wild-weeds-virginia-creeper/

American pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana)

This berry producing plant does contain poisonous stems, berries, and mature leaves. However, the plant does contain antiviral properties and has been implemented into medicinal science.

https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/phytolacca/americana/

Flowering Plants

New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

This flowering plant is not considered a favorite meal to mammals, but it is considered a favorite to the migrating Monarch Butterflies due to its rather long blooming period.

http://illinoiswildflowers.info/prairie/plantx/ne_asterx.htm

Canada goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)

POISON IVY (Toxicodendron radicans) is identified through the grouping of three mitten shaped leaves. However, sometimes the leaves are not in the mitten shape. You can always rely on the middle leaf stem to be longest and the older, mature vines to be hairy. Poison ivy also produces white berries.

LICHEN

Punctelia rudecta

BOTANICAL SURVEY UPDATE

SURVEY

^ The link above will take you to the list of the full 40 different species I have identified while at Deer Haven Park. Highlighted in green are my two species with the highest CC values: American Beech (7) and Swamp White Oak (7). Highlighted in red are examples of two of my lowest CC values: Horsetail (0) and Pinkweed (0).

American Beech is a deciduous tree of the Fabaceae family! It is easily recognized due to its steel-gray, smooth bark. This species is usually one to avoid pests and disease. However, it has a tendency to hollow, making it susceptible to losing limbs in high winds! http://forestry.ohiodnr.gov/americanbeech

Swamp White Oak is an attractive, medium sized tree that is easily recognized from its peeling bark. The leaves tends to have a two toned effect: green on top and a silvery green on the underside. This tree is considered one of the easiest oaks to transplant and withstand poor drainage.  https://www.mortonarb.org/trees-plants/tree-plant-descriptions/swamp-white-oak

Horsetail is a herbaceous perennial fern that has separate sterile and reproductive fronds. This species is considered to be invasive due to its adaptability. Ancient Roman and Chinese physicians often used horsetail in many of their ailment treatments.  https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/equisetum_arvense.shtml

Pinkweed, also known as smartweed, is recognized by its smooth, fine-haired, lance shaped leaves and white or pink flowers. This species is considered invasive to Ohio. It thrives on the entire Eastern half of the United States. Society has found an excellent use for it. It is commonly made into artistic paper. https://msu.edu/course/plb/423/Species_Accounts/Polygonum%20files/Polygonum_pensylvanicum.htm